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Ancient Hebrew Dictionary - Indexed by Ancient Hebrew Word
(1000 Most Common Hebrew Words in the Hebrew Bible)
By Jeff A. Benner


אָב av Father 1 A man who has begotten a child. The provider and support to the household. The ancestor of a family line. The patron of a profession or art.

אבד a-vad Perish (verb) 6 To be deserted or abandoned; separated from the whole, life or functionality.

אבה a-vah Consent (verb) 14 To give approval; to be in concord in opinion or sentiment; agreement as to action or opinion; to be willing to go somewhere or do something.

אֶבְיוֹן ev-yon Needy 34 In a condition of need or want.

אבל a-val Mourn (verb) 56 To feel or express grief or sorrow.

אֶבֶן e-ven Stone 68 A piece of rock, often in the context of building material.

אָדוֹן a-don Lord 113 The ruler as the foundation to the community.

אֲדוֹנָי a-do-nai Lord 136 Frequently used as a title for God. This is a the plural possessive form of the word a-don and means "my lords."

אַדִּיר a-deer Eminent 117 What exerts power and status. Someone or something that is wide in authority or majesty.

אָדָם a-dam Human 120 Of, relating to, or characteristic of man. The first man. All of mankind as the descendants of the first man.

אֳדָמָה a-da-mah Ground 127 The surface of the earth. From its reddish color.

אֶדֶן e-den Footing 134 Ground or basis for a firm foundation. That which sustains a stable position.

אהב a-hav Love (verb) 157 To provide and protect that which is given as a privilege. An intimacy of action and emotion. Strong affection for another arising from personal ties.

אַהֳבָה a-ha-vah Affection 160 A moderate feeling or emotion. A tender attachment or fondness.

אֹהֶל o-hel Tent 168 The black, goat hair dwelling of the nomad.

אֹזֶן o-zen Ear 241 The organ of hearing; so named from its broad shape.

אֹכֶל o-khel Foodstuff 400 A substance that may be eaten for giving sustenance and making one whole.

אוּלָם u-lam Porch 197 An exterior appendage to a building, forming a covered approach or vestibule to a doorway.

אָוֶן a-ven Vanity 205 Action or thought that is vain or for an improper purpose.

אוֹפָן o-phen Wheel 212 A circular frame or disk arranged to revolve on an axis, as on a wagon or chariot.

אוֹצָר o-tsar Storehouse 214 A place where grain or other items of subsistence are held and protected.

אוֹר or Light 216 The illumination from the sun, moon, stars, fire, candle or other source.

אור or Light (verb) 215 To shine with an intense light; be or give off light; to be bright.

אֹרַח o-rahh Path 734 The road or route one travels.

אֹרֶךְ o-rek Length 753 A measured distance or dimension.

אוֹת ot Sign 226 The motion, gesture, or mark representing an agreement between two parties. A wondrous or miraculous sign.

אזן a-zan Give An Ear (verb) 238 To pay attention to a voice or sound; to hear with thoughtful attention and obedience.

אָח ahh Brother 251 A male who has the same parents as another or shares one parent with another. One who stands between the enemy and the family, a protector.

אֶחָד e-hhad Unit 259 A unit within the whole, a unified group. A single quantity.

אֳחֻזָּה a-hhu-zah Holdings 272 Property that is held or owned.

אָחוֹר a-hhor Back 268 The part of the body that is behind. To be in the rear of or behind something.

אָחוֹת a-hhot Sister 269 A female who has the same parents as another or shares one parent with another.

אחז a-hhaz Take Hold (verb) 270 To have possession or ownership of; to keep in restraint; to have or maintain in one's grasp; to grab something and keep hold of it.

אַחֵר a-hheyr Other 312 One that remains or follows after another.

אַחֲרוֹן a-hha-ron Last 314 In, to or toward the back. To be in back of, at the rear or following after something.

אַחַר a-hhar After 310 A time to come beyond another event.

אַחֳרִית a-hha-reet End 319 A final point that marks the extent of something. The latter time as coming after everything else.

איב a-yav Attack (verb) 341 To be antagonistic or unfriendly to another. An action taken by an enemy.

אַיִל a-yeel Buck 352 The large males of a flock of sheep or heard of deer. By extension, anything of strength including a chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building), or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods).

אִם eem If 518 Allowing that; on condition that. A desire to bind two ideas together.

אַיִן a-yeen Without 369 A lacking of something or the inability to do or have something. The search for a place of unknown origin.

אֵיפָה ey-phah Eyphah 374 A dry standard of measure equal to 3 se'ahs or 10 omers. The same as the liquid measure bath which is about 9 imperial gallons or 40 liters.

אִשֶּׁה ee-sheh Fire Offering 801 A sacrifice that is placed in a fire as an offering.

אכל a-khal Eat (verb) 398 To consume food; to destroy. A devouring of a fire.

אֵל eyl Mighty One 410 One who holds authority over others, such as a judge, chief or god. In the sense of being yoked to one another.

אֵל eyl To 413 Used as a function word to indicate movement or an action or condition suggestive of progress toward a place, person, or thing reached.

אָלָה a-lah Oath 423 Something corroborated by a vow. A binding agreement, including the curse for violating the oath.

אֱלוֹהַּ e-lo-ah Power 433 Possession of control, authority, or influence over others; physical might. The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applies to rulers or a god. Often used in the plural form literally meaning "mighty ones," but often used in a singular sense to mean "The Mighty One."

אֱלֹהִים e-lo-heem Powers 430 Possession of control, authority, or influence over others; physical might. The power or might of one who rules or teaches. (Plural form of e-lo-ah, Strong's #433)

אַלּוּף a-luph Chief 441 Accorded highest rank or office; of greatest importance, significance, or influence. One who is yoked to another to lead and teach.

אַלְמָנָה al-ma-nah Widow 490 A woman who has lost her husband by death. As bound in grief.

אֶלֶף e-leph Thousand 505 Ten times one hundred in amount or number.

אֵם eym Mother 517 A female parent. Maternal tenderness or affection. One who fulfills the role of a mother.

אָמָה a-mah Bondwoman 519 A female slave. One who is bound to another.

אֱמוּנָה e-mu-nah Firmness 530 Securely fixed in place.

אמר a-mar Say (verb) 559 To speak chains of words that form sentences.

אֵמֶר ey-mer Statement 561 A single declaration or remark.

אִמְרָה eem-rah Speech 565 The chain of words when speaking.

אַמָּה am-mah Forearm 520 A linear standard of measure equal to the length of the forearm.

אמן a-man Secure (verb) 539 Solidly fixed in place; to stand firm in the sense of a support. Not subject to change or revision. The hiphil (causative) form means "support."

אָמֵן a-meyn So Be It 543 An affirmation of firmness and support.

אֱמֶת e-met Truth 571 The state of being the case. Fact. What is firm. Accurately so.

אמץ a-mats Be Strong (verb) 553 To be mentally astute, firm, obstinate or courageous. Having or marked by great physical, moral or intellectual power.

אֱנוֹשׁ e-nosh Person 582 An individual, a man.

אֲנִי a-nee I 589 A person aware of possessing a personal identity in self-reference.

אִי ee Island 339 A tract of land surrounded by water. Also a country in the sense of isolated.

אִישׁ eesh Man 376 An adult male human. As mortal. Also, used to mean "each" in the sense of an individual.

אִשָּׁה ee-shah Woman 802 An adult female person. As mortal.

אָנֹכִי a-no-khee I 595 A person aware of possessing a personal identity in self-reference.

אסף a-saph Gather (verb) 622 To bring together; to accumulate and place in readiness.

אסר a-sar Tie Up (verb) 631 To wrap or fasten with a cord.

אַף aph Nose 639 The organ bearing the nostrils on the anterior of the face. The nostrils when used in the plural form. Also meaning anger from the flaring of the nostrils and the redness of the nose when angry.

אֵפוֹד ey-phod Ephod 646 An apron-like vestment having two shoulder straps and ornamental attachments for securing the breastplate, worn with a waistband by the high priest.

אֶפֶס e-phes End 657 The concluding part of an area or extremity. Also used for the conclusion of a thought; finally, however, but.

אֶצְבַּע ets-ba Finger 676 The extension of the hand. Can be used to point.

אֵצֶל ey-tsel Beside 681 Being next to something.

ארב a-rav Ambush (verb) 693 To lay in wait of another to capture or do harm or injury.

אַרְבַּע ar-ba Four 702 A cardinal number.

אַרְבָּעִים ar-ba-eem Fourty 705 A cardinal number. (The plural form of ar-ba, Strong's #702)

אַרְגָּמָן ar-ga-man Purple 713 A reddish-blue color used to dye yarn and used in weaving.

אֲרוֹן a-ron Box 727 A rigid rectangular receptacle often with a cover. Any box-shaped object.

אֶרֶז e-rez Cedar 730 A coniferous tree from the cyprus family having wide, spreading branches. The wood or tree or something made it.

אַרִי a-ree Lion 738 A large carnivorous chiefly nocturnal cat. A feared animal.

ארך a-rak Prolong (verb) 748 To lengthen or delay.

אַרְמוֹן ar-mon Citadel 759 A large palace or fortress usually constructed in a high place.

אֶרֶץ e-rets Land 776 The solid part of the earth's surface. The whole of the earth or a region.

ארר a-rar Spit Upon (verb) 779 To eject saliva, usually on another in spite or disrespect.

אֵשׁ eysh Fire 784 The phenomenon of combustion manifested by heat, light and flame.

אשׁם a-sham Be Guilty (verb) 816 To commit an offense, especially consciously.

אָשָׁם a-sham Guilt 817 The fact of having committed a breach of conduct especially violating law and involving a penalty; the state of one who has committed an offense, especially consciously.

אֶשֶׁר a-sheyr Happy 835 A feeling of joy or satisfaction.

אָשֶׁר a-sheyr Which 834 Or who, what or that. This word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action.

אֲשֵׁרָה a-shey-rah Grove 842 An area of planted trees. Trees planted in a straight line.

אָתוֹן a-ton She Donkey 860 A female ass.

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