Gam (Gimel)
By Jeff A. Benner


Ancient Modern
Image Foot  
Meaning Gather, Walk  
Name Gam Gimel
Sound g g

History & Reconstruction

The earliest known pictograph for this letter is and is a picture of a foot. The Modern Hebrew name for this letter is “gimel”, an adopted root. The original name to this letter is most likely “gam”, the parent root of “gimel”. This letter is the origin of the Arabic letter “Geem” and the Greek “gamma” supporting the theory that the original name for the letter did not include the “L”.

The word “gam” means to gather together as a group of animals gathering at the water hole to drink. The pictographic script for the word “gam” is . The is the foot representing “walk” and the is “water” (See Mah). Combined these mean “walk to the water”.

The letter has the meanings of walk, carry or gather. The sound associated with this letter is a “g” as in “go”.

The Early Semitic became and (a turn of 180 degrees) in the Middle Semitic script. This letter further developed to in the Late Semitic script. The Late Semitic script further developed into the Modern Hebrew ג. The Middle Semitic script became the Greek G (a reversal of the letter due to direction of writing) as well as the Roman C and G. The Late Semitic became the number 3.

Semitic Script Charts