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Ancient Hebrew Word Studies
By Jeff A. Benner


Throw, Torah and Teacher
Assembly and Voice
Day and Sea
Lamp and Furnace
Spirit, Moon and Traveler
Build, Jealous and Lament





Throw, Torah and Teacher


Letters

Name: Resh
Transliteration: R
Picture: Head of a man.
Meaning: The head is seen as the top of the body and can be the top or head of anything such as the body, time, mountaintop, rank, etc. This letter can also represent a man.
Definition: A Man



Name: Yud
Transliteration: Y
Picture: An arm and closed hand.
Meaning: The closed hand represents the idea of work, throw, make, etc.
Definition: The Working hand




Parent Root

Transliteration: YaR
Picture: Hand of man.
Meaning: The work of a man's hand.
Definition: Reference:




Child Root

Transliteration: Ya-RaH (yarah)
Meaning: This root has the more specific meaning of the "throwing of the hand of man" and can mean "throw" and "point" (in the sense of throwing the finger in a direction).
Comments: This child root is formed by placing the letter (Hey - H) to the end of the root.
Definition: Throw / Point
Reference: Genesis 46:28 (direct), Exodus 4:12 (teach), Exodus 15:4 (throw)




Words

Transliteration: MoW-ReH (moreh)
Meaning: A Moreh is 'one who throws from the hand'. This can be the "archer" who throws the arrow, or a "teacher" who throws the finger in the way the student is to go.
Comments: Nouns are derived from the root by making one or two changes to the original root. The noun moreh is made by adding the letter (mem - M) to the front of the word. When the first letter of the root is a (Yud - Y) and another letter is added to the front of the root, the Yud is replaced by the letter (waw, which can be pronounced as a W, ow or uw).
Definition: Reference:



Transliteration: ToW-RaH (Torah)
Meaning: Torah is "what is thrown by the Moreh". This can be the "arrow" from the archer or the "direction" (teachings and instructions) from the teacher. The true Hebraic understanding of "Torah" is "instructions" and "teachings" such as from a father to his children.
Comments: This noun is formed the same way as the word moreh, with a (Tav - T) instead.
Definition: Reference:




Assembly and Voice



Letters

Name: Lamed
Transliteration: L
Picture: A Shepherds Staff
Meaning: The staff was used to direct a sheep toward the correct direction, or the curved end could be used to pull the sheep toward him. At times it was also used to chastise a disobedient sheep. With the staff in his hand, the shepherd would lead his sheep to pastures, water and the fold in the evening.
Definition: Authority



Name: Quph
Transliteration: Q
Picture: A rising and setting sun
Meaning: When the sun sets, the light is gathered to the sun. When the sun rises the darkness is gathered at the opposite horizon of the sun. This rising and setting of the sun is also seen as a circling of the earth.
Definition: The circling sun which causes the gathering of light and darkness.




Parent Root

Transliteration: QaL
Picture: Gathering to the staff
Meaning: A swift gathering of the sheep to the shepherd's staff. When the Shepherd calls the sheep, which are scattered around the field, come running to him.
Reference:




Child Root

Transliteration: QoWL (Qol)
Meaning: This child root is the voice of the Shepherd which is very familiar to his sheep.
Comments: This child root is formed by adding the letter (waw) in the middle of the parent root.
Definition: Voice
Reference: Exodus 24:3



Transliteration: "Qa-HaL"
Meaning: This child root is a gathering of the sheep which come to the shepherd when they hear his voice. This word is often used in the Bible for the community or assembly of Israel who are the sheep who hear the voice of God.
Comments: This child root is formed by adding the "aH" vowel within the parent root. Many child roots are also used as words such as this one.
Definition: Gather
Reference: Exodus 12:6

These words YHWH (the Lord) spoke to all your "qahal" (a gathering flock) from in the midst of the fiery cloud on the mountain and the cloudy darkness, with a great "qowl" (the voice of the shepherd). (Duet 5.22-24)




Day and Sea


Letters

Name: Mem
Transliteration: M
Picture: Ripples of Water
Meaning: Water was very essential to the nomads, his family, livestock and crops.
Definition: Water



Name: Yud
Transliteration: Y
Picture: An arm and closed hand.
Meaning: The closed hand represents the idea of work, throw, make, etc.
Definition: The Working hand




Parent Root

Transliteration: YaM
Picture: Working water
Meaning: A large body of water, where the waves and storms are its work.
Definition: The active sea.
Reference:




Child Root

Transliteration: YoWM (Yom)
Meaning: This child root is a day. The Hebrew day ends when the sun sets and a new day begins. In the land of the Hebrews, the sun sets over the Mediterranean Sea (yam). Yom then literally means, "the time between the setting of the sun over the sea".
Comments: This root is formed by adding the letter (waw) to the middle of the parent root. Definition: Day
Reference: Genesis 1:5



Transliteration: "AYaM"
Meaning: This child root is fear. The sea was seen as a place of chaos because of the great and turbulent storms which formed over it. For this reason, this word was used for fear, terror and chaos.
Comments: This root is formed by adding the letter (aleph) to the front of the parent root. Definition: Fear
Reference: Genesis 15:12




Lamp and Furnace


Letters

Name: Resh
Transliteration: R
Picture: Head of a man.
Meaning: The head is seen as the top of the body and can be the top or head of anything such as the body, time, mountaintop, rank, etc. This letter can also represent a man.
Definition: A Man



Name: Nun
Transliteration: N
Picture: A seed
Meaning: A seed is the beginning of new life, which came from the parent plant. This cycle will continue for generation after generation.
Definition: a continuation of life from a seed.




Parent Root

Transliteration: NeR
Picture: Seed beginning
Meaning: This word literally means to "bring forth light" as well as a "freshly plowed field" asplowing is seen as "the bringing forth of light in the soil", to the ancient Hebrew. In order for a seed to grow/begin, there must be water in the soil. When the ground is plowed the moist soil from underneath, surfaces and shines from the water in the soil which is a sign that the life giving water is present.
Definition: The beginning of the germination of the seed by water in the soil.
Reference:




Child Root

Transliteration: "NoWR"
Meaning: This root has the more specific meaning "to give off light".
Comments: This child root is derived from the parent root "NeR," formed by placing the vowel "oW" in the middle of the parent root.
Definition:
Reference:




Words

Transliteration: "Me-NoW-RaH"
Meaning: A light giver, the lightstand in the Temple which brings light.
Comments: This word is formed by placing the prefix "Me" to the root and the suffix "aH" (indicating a feminine word).
Definition: Reference: Exodus 25:31



Transliteration: "Ta-NuWR"
Meaning: A heat giver, the fire of an oven that gives off light.
Comments: This word is formed by adding the prefix "Ta" to the root.
Definition: Reference: Genesis 15:17




Spirit, Moon and Traveler


Letters

Name: Hhet
Transliteration: Hh (Pronounced hard like the "ch" in the name "Bach")
Picture: The wall of the tent.
Meaning: The wall of a tent or corral separates and protects what is inside from what is outside, such as inclimate weather and predators.
Definition: What is outside of the wall.



Name: Resh
Transliteration: R
Picture: Head of a man.
Meaning: The head is seen as the top of the body and can be the top or head of anything such as the body, time, mountaintop, rank, etc. This letter can also represent a man.
Definition: A Man




Parent Root

Transliteration: RaHh
Picture: A man outside
Meaning: The responsibilities of the nomadic man outside of the tent include the feeding, watering and caring for the livestock. Livestock are healthier and more productive when on a routine, therefore the man follows a routine or "a prescribed path" each day when caring for his livestock.
Definition: A perscribed path or routine.
Reference:




Child Root

Transliteration: "RuW-aHh"
Meaning: This root has the more specific meaning of the "throwing of the hand of man".
Comments: This child root is the wind. The Hebrew nomads were very familiar with the wind patterns as they would follow a prescribed path indicating the coming season. From this word comes the idea of breath as it is the wind of man which also follows a prescribed path of inhaling and exhaling. This word is often translated as "spirit" but hebraicly is the "breath". The ancient Hebrew saw the breath as an essential part of the man, just as much as the mind is.
Definition:
Reference:




Other Child Root

Transliteration: "Ye-Re-aHh"
Meaning: This child root is the moon which follows a prescribed path each night from horizon to horizon.
Definition:
Reference:



Transliteration: "A-RaHh"
Meaning: This child root is a traveler, one who follows a prescribed path to arrive at a specific destination.
Definition:
Reference:




Build, Jealous and Lament


Letters

Name: Nun
Transliteration: N
Picture: A seed
Meaning: A seed is the beginning of new life, which came from the parent plant. This cycle will continue for generation after generation.
Definition: a continuation of life from a seed



Name: Quph
Transliteration: Q
Picture: A rising and setting sun
Meaning: When the sun sets, the light is gathered to the sun. When the sun rises the darkness is gathered at the opposite horizon of the sun. This rising and setting of the sun is also seen as a circling of the earth.
Definition: The circling sun which causes the gathering of light and darkness.




Parent Root

Transliteration: QeN
Picture: A gathering for the seeds.
Meaning: Before a bird lays her eggs, she goes around aquiring and gathering materials to build her nest.
Definition: The gathering of materials for the building of a nest for the seeds (eggs)
Reference:




Child Root

Transliteration: "Qa-NeH"
Meaning: To build a nest.
Comments: This child root is a nest builder, one who builds a nest such as a bird. Also God as in Bereshiyt (Genesis) 14.19; "God most high creator (qaneh) of sky and earth". The English word "create" is an abstract word and a foriegn concept to the Hebrews. While we see God as one who makes something from nothing (create), the Hebrews saw God like a bird who goes about acquiring and gathering materials to build a nest (qen), the sky and earth. The Hebrews saw man as the children (eggs) that God built the nest for.
Definition: Reference:




Other Child Roots

Transliteration: "Qa-NA"
Meaning: To protect.
Comments: This child root is to gaurd (often translated as Jealous). A bird watches over the eggs and young with jealousy and will defend them from the enemy and prevent any other bird from entering the nest. This is the picture that the Hebrews had of God as in Exodus 34.14; "Do not worship any other god, for yhwh (the Lord), whose name is jealous (qana), is a jealous (qana) God". Just as a bird watches over her eggs from predetors, God also watches over his children in his nest protecting them from predetors - other gods.
Definition:
Reference:



Transliteration: "QuWN"
Meaning: The chirping of the young birds in the nest.
Comments: The young of the nest chirp in the nest as a calling to the parent birds. In the Biblical text this word is used for "lament" as in 2 Samuel 1:17; "And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and Jonathan his son."
Definition: Reference:







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