Ancient Hebrew Bible Manuscripts
By Jeff A. Benner

Manuscripts Manuscript Date Contents Comments
Abisha Scroll 1400 BCE (?) Torah This scroll of the Samaritan Pentetuch is proported to be written by Aaron's son but this cannot be substatiated.
Dead Sea Scrolls 200 BCE - 70 CE Torah, Prophets, Writings, Pseudopigrapha, Sect and Secular writings Every book of the Tenach/Old Testament has been found, at least in part, with the exception of the book of Ester. Other books were discovered as well including secular writings and some psuedopigrapha.
Cairo Geniza Fragments 500 CE - 800 CE    
Cairo Codex 895 CE Prophets, Writings  
Leningrad Codex 916 CE Prophets One of the Ben Asher Masoretic manuscripts
Aleppo Codex 930 CE Torah, Prophets, Writings One of the Ben Asher Masoretic manuscripts; Source for the Hebrew University Bible;source for Maimonides Torah Scrolls; Portions of the codex destroyed in fire in 1948
British Museum Codex 950 CE Torah (incomplete)  
Leningrad Codex 1008 CE Torah, Prophets, Writings One of the Ben Asher Masoretic manuscripts
Kitag Gi-Hulaf before 1050 CE Torah, Prophets, Writings The earliest extant attempt at collating the differences between the Ben Asher and Ben Naphtali Masoretic traditions was made by Mishael ben Uzziel
? ? Torah, Prophets, Writings From the Ben Chayyim Tradition
Reuchlin Codex 1105 CE Prophets  
Samaritan Pentetuch 1211 CE Torah  
First Rabbinic Bible 1516 CE Torah, Prophets, Writings Composed by Daniel Bomberg; second edition composed by converted Rabbi Abraham Ben Chayyim; The KJV is based on this text.
Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia 1906 CE Torah, Prophets, Writings Composed by Rudolph Kittel and revised in 1912; Based on the Ben Chayyim text. Revised again in 1936 but based on the Codex Leningrad; This was then revised in 1966.