Articles by Jeff A. Benner

A History of the Hebrew Word for One

When I began writing this article, I intended to provide a simple explanation of the history and use of the Hebrew word for "one" in the Hebrew Bible. But as I started writing, it soon became clear that in order to provide a proper and thorough explanation, I was going to have to give some background information about Hebrew grammar and how adjectives and numbers work in the Hebrew language... [Continue Reading]

The Untold Story of Cain and Abel

We have all heard the story of Cain and Abel. Two brothers bring their sacrifices to God; Abel's sacrifice is accepted, but Cain's sacrifice is not. Out of jealousy, Cain take's his brother out into the field and kills him. Because of Cain's sin, he is branded with a mark and sent away. However, if we carefully study the text, we find that there is much, much more, to this story. [Continue Reading]

The meaning of Grace from a Hebrew perspective

Most theologians will define "grace" as "unmerited favor." But we must be careful not to interject a theological bias into the text. So first we need to understand what the English word "grace" means outside of theology. [Continue Reading]

A Hebrew interpretation of the Sh'ma (Hear O Israel)

The Sh'ma, the Jewish prayer from Deuteronomy 6:4, which begins with Hear O Israel, is often misunderstood by many. When the words are examined in their original Hebrew culture the deeper meaning of this prayer is revealed. [Continue Reading]

The Nature of God (Elohim)

The modern western perspective of God ignores the Hebraic concept of "balance," which is an integral part of the Ancient Hebrews perspective of who God is. [Continue Reading]

The Image of God

An examination of three verses that will explain what the image of God is and how we can have it. [Continue Reading]

A Father's Sacrifice

While working on the Mechanical Translation today, I came across a passage that I found fascinating (which is a common occurrence when working on this translation) and also shows the importance of looking at the text from a very literal perspective. [Continue Reading]

Greek Influence on translations of the Hebrew Bible

The following article is the result of a survey I had taken which asked the question "What was the Hebrew name of the Bread-like substance God gave Israel in the wilderness." It is a provable fact that translations of the Hebrew Bible relied more on the Greek Septuagint (a 2,000 year old Greek translation of the Tenach/Old Testament) than the Hebrew Bible itself, dramatically influencing how we read the Hebrew Bible. [Continue Reading]

Ashes of the Red Heifer

He said, "If you listen carefully to the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you." (Exodus 15:26) [Continue Reading]

The Los Lunas Inscription

The above inscription is very unique for several reasons. First, it is written in an ancient Hebrew script. Second it is located near the small town of Los Lunas in the State of New Mexico, USA. Third, the inscription is of the "Ten Commandments". [Continue Reading]

The Yahuwans and the Word of Yah

About four years ago I received an email from an individual who had heard about a recent discovery in the deserts of the Middle East that included ancient scrolls, written in Paleo-Hebrew, and included both the Old Testament and the New Testament. [Continue Reading]

In a land not their own for 400 years

From the above passage, it is assumed by most that this means that Israel would be in the land of Egypt for four hundred years. However, this creates a problem as according to the Biblical text they were in the land of Egypt for only three generations (Levi - Kohath - Amram - Moses). [Continue Reading]

The Authors of the Torah

Who wrote the Torah (the first five books of the Bible)? The majority of the Bible students today, within both Christianity and Judaism, will without a doubt, identify Moses as the author. Yet, nowhere within the text of the Torah is the author of the five books of Torah identified. [Continue Reading]

What is a "help meet?"

While the KJV translates the Hebrew phrase עזר כנגדו (ezer kenegedo) as "help meet for him," other translations provide additional translations including; "a helper fit for him" (RSV), "a helper as his partner" (NRS)... [Continue Reading]

Biblical Interpretation

Is there a large difference between the Ancient Near Eastern perspective of the Hebrews and our Modern Western perspective? From my research and studies, I would have to say there is not only a difference, but large chasm between the two. [Continue Reading]

A pound of pondering by the pond

In the English language the word "pound" has two meanings. The first is something with weight (as in a "pound of salt") and the second is an enclosure (as in a "dog pound"). Etymology scholars agree that these are two different words from two different sources... [Continue Reading]

The Torah of Righteousness

The Hebrew word "Torah" is usually translated into the English word "Law". Because of this translation there is a great misunderstanding of what "Torah" truly is. "TORAH IS NOT LAW". When we use the word "law" we assume a certain meaning... [Continue Reading]

The Scapegoat: The Pseudepigrapha and Azazel

In the realm of Biblical Books, there are four different groups of books; the Tanach (Old Testament), the New Testament, the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha. [Continue Reading]

How many came out of the exodus of Egypt

From this passage it would appear that the nation of Israel served at least 400 years in captivity in Egypt. The lineage of Levi as recorded in Exodus 6 and 1 Chronicles 6 indicates only 3 generations between Levi and Moses (Levi-Kohath-Amram-Moses). [Continue Reading]

Concepts in Time

The modern western mind views time as linear with a beginning and end. Whether you ascribe to the theory of evolution or creation, the timeline for planet earth is the same, a beginning and an end. [Continue Reading]

Aman (Believe)

The Hebrew language developed in a nomadic agricultural culture. Because of this much of the language is centered around this lifestyle. The more we understand their way of life and culture, the more we can understand their language. [Continue Reading]

Torah (Law)

The Hebrew word "Torah" is usually translated into the English word "Law". Because of this translation there is a great misunderstanding of what "Torah" truly is. "TORAH IS NOT LAW". [Continue Reading]

Learning: The Five Methods of Learning Hebraicly

There are several Hebrew words which can be translated as "learn" into English. When we read the English text we will often come across words like learn, teach, instruct, discipline and chastise, but as we will see... [Continue Reading]

Man and Fire

The Hebrew word for fire is אש (esh). Derived from this two letter parent root is the three letter child root איש (iysh) meaning "man". Not only are these two words related by their letters, they are also related in meaning. [Continue Reading]

Good and Bad

Very few sermons in our Western synagogues and churches would include the passage "I [God] form the light and create darkness, I make peace and I create evil, I am the LORD who does all of these" (Isaiah 45:7) as our Western mind... [Continue Reading]

The Way of Yahweh

A common theme throughout the Old Testament is "The Way of Yahweh" - ... I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to guard the way of Yahweh by doing righteousness and justice (Genesis 18:19). [Continue Reading]

Ancient Hebrew Thought

In the world, past and present, there are two major types of cultures; the Hebrew (or eastern) culture and the Greek (or western) culture. Both of these cultures view their surroundings, lives, and purpose in ways which would seem foreign to the other. [Continue Reading]

Origins of Writing

The Egyptian, Sumerians, and Semites originally wrote with a pictographic (meaning picture writing) form of writing. Some believe that the Sumerians were the originator of writing... [Continue Reading]

The Stones of the Ephod

The Hebrew word for each of the twelve stones on the breastplate of the kohen (Priest) and there possible translations. [Continue Reading]

The Tower of Babel

When studying the origins of ancient languages, the Biblical account of the Tower of Babel must be considered. When was this Biblical account first written? Was the Tower of Babel fact or fiction? [Continue Reading]

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