14 - The Feasts of the
Just as in the case with the
Sabbath, the Church says that we do not need to keep the Feasts of the
Lord. No scripture can be found declaring that the feasts are
abolished, yet there are scriptures showing that feasts of the Lord
were observed by the believers in the book of Acts.
At this point, we need to look at another
passage, which is often used to imply the abolishing of, not only the
Sabbath, but also the feast days.
Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you
eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon
celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that
were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ. (Colossians
Does this statement say that the festivals,
celebrations or Sabbaths of the Torah do not need to be kept? No, it
simply states that we are not to judge anyone for what days they
An example of judging another when it comes to
the Sabbath would be like one person saying, "You work on the Sabbath
by fixing your neighbors car". And the other responds with, "I am doing
this as a free service to help him and give glory to God, but you just
lay on the couch all day doing nothing, you may be resting as commanded
but you are not making the day holy". Here we have two people judging
each other on how they keep the Sabbath. The above passage is
condemning this type of judging.
Since the Torah is a shadow of the Christ that
was to come, are we to believe that once Christ has arrived the shadow
disappears? Once an object that casts the shadow is seen, does the
shadow of the object disappear? The Torah points us to Christ and is
therefore a shadow, but the shadow remains, Torah remains.
Even in this passage we can see that the shadow
remains because it says that the feasts and Sabbaths "are a shadow", it
does not say, "was a shadow." The passage indicates a present
observance of the Sabbath and feasts and not a past observance. We also
need to see that when it says "a shadow of the things that were to
come" is not a correct translation of the Greek. The NASB Translation
does a better translation for it says "a shadow of the things to come".
Here we can clearly see that the Sabbath and Feasts are (present tense)
a shadow of things to come (future tense).
Let us now see what the New Covenant,
specifically after Christ's ascension, says about each of these feasts.
Did the believers observe the keeping of the feasts?
When Yeshua took his Last Supper with his
disciples, he was partaking of the Passover meal. During the meal he
took the bread and wine, and gave it to his disciples, he then said,
"Do this in Remembrance of me." We need to ask, when he said, "Do
this", is he only speaking of the bread and wine, or is he speaking
about the entire Passover meal? When we partake of the bread and wine
of the meal we are to remember him?
When you come together, it is not the Lord's
Supper you eat, for as you eat, each of you goes ahead without waiting
for anybody else. One remains hungry, another gets drunk. (1
In verses 20 to 34, Paul gives us some
instructions on observing the "Lord's Supper". We can see that Paul is
not only referring to the taking of bread and wine only, but of a meal.
Some have called this a "Love Feast"; the scriptures do not
specifically name this feast. But since it is being called the "Lord's
Supper" we can assume it is referring to the same supper Yeshua ate of
before his crucifixion, which was the Passover.
The Passover meal, along with all the other
meals held on the holy days is to be worship services to God. The
Passover meal is only a meal to physically feed the body, but also a
meal full of teachings to spiritually feed the spirit. In the above
passages, we see a problem in the Corinthians method of keeping the
"Feast", they are eating it as though it was a meal to enjoy the food,
forgetting that they are there to honor God.
of Unleavened Bread
Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new
batch without yeast - as you really are. For Christ our Passover lamb,
has been sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the Festival, not with the
old yeast. (1 Corinthians 5:7-8)
Yeast is a picture of sin. As commanded in the
Torah all the yeast is removed from inside the home before the Feast of
Unleavened Bread. No yeast is used during this feast for cooking. Each
of the seven feasts is used as teaching tools by God to teach his
people about him. During the Feast of Unleavened Bread we are taught to
remove sin from our homes. Paul is reminding the believers of this
instruction and instructs them to remember this while keeping the
feast. This feast is mentioned two other times in the book of Acts.
He proceeded to seize Peter also. This happened
during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Acts 12:3)
We sailed from Philippi after the Feast of
Unleavened Bread. (Acts 20:6)
The believers still recognized the feasts as a
part of the believer's calendar.
This feast is a day where the firstfruits
of the harvest are given to God. Although this feast is never mentioned
in the New Covenant, we can see that it is used as an instructional
But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead,
the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. (1 Corinthians
He chose to give us birth through the word of
truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created. (James
They were purchased from among men and offered as
firstfruits to God and the Lamb. (Revelation 14:4)
The harvest of the fields is a picture of the
end time harvest of all the believers. The passages above are speaking
of the firstfruits of that end time harvest. Here we see the "reality"
of the feast that is the shadow.
The prophecy of the feast of firstfruits was
fulfilled in Christ when he rose from the dead. As 1 Corinthians 15:20
says; "But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits
of those who have fallen asleep.
Of the seven feasts, this feast is
clearly observed by the believers. The Greek name for this feast is
When the day of Pentecost came, they were all
together in one place. (Acts 2:1)
We still observe Pentecost in our churches
today, but it is believed that we are observing a holy day which began
here in Acts 2:1. This holy day did not begin here, but all the way
back in the book of Exodus, within the Torah God gave to Israel.
This feast is also mentioned two other times in
the New Covenant.
Paul had decided to sail past Ephesus to avoid
spending time in the province of Asia, for he was in a hurry to reach
Jerusalem, if possible, by the day of Pentecost. (Acts 20:16)
But I will stay on at Ephesus until Pentecost. (1
Again we see the feasts being used as a part of
The Jewish tradition during this time was that
Israel and all the nations with them, received the Torah from God (Ex
20), each in their own native language on the first Feast of Weeks. We
also read in Exodus 20 that the presence of God appeared on the top of
the mountain in the form of fire. The Torah was then given to them on
tablets of stone. Compare this with the events in Acts chapter 2. Here
we see, on the Feast of Weeks, fire descending on the believers. The
believers then began to speak in the native language of the Jews who
were listening. As prophesied in Jeremiah 31, the Spirit of God came
upon the believers and the Torah was written on their hearts, rather
than on tablets of stone.
The Day of
There is only one mention of this feast
within the New Covenant.
Much time had been lost, and sailing had already
become dangerous because by now it was after the Fast. (Acts 27:9)
This feast had become known as "the Fast"
because this day is to be a day of fasting as commanded in Leviticus
23:27. Here again we see it as a part of the believers' calendar.
This feast is not mentioned in the book
of Acts or in the Epistles. We should understand that just because it
is not mentioned, does not mean that it was not kept or observed.
Although the book of Acts or the epistles
do not mention this feast as well, there is one First Covenant passage
which does refer to the observance of this feast in the last days.
Then the survivors from all the nations that have
attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the
LORD Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. (Zechariah
God provides for us a life cycle
to keep us focused on him. Within his Torah is a guideline of times set
aside to remember his goodness. He gives us a vivid reminder of days
gone by to look back on and to glean from. God makes the feast visual
so they come to life. They are generally long festivals that the whole
family and community get involved in. This cycle is designed to keep us
in his word and to remember from were we came and were we are
We must remember that God commanded that the
Sabbath and each of these feasts to be kept throughout all Generations
as an everlasting ordinance. God set the week, month and yearly cycles
with all its holy days, to be kept by his people forever and there is
no scripture that changes or eliminates these holy days.
- The New Covenant writers still recognized the
feasts as part of their calendar.
- The New Covenant writers still recognized the
keeping of feasts as Pentecost and the Feast of Unleavened