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~ ~ PDFs related to the Hebrew Alphabet ~ ~

Introduction to Ancient Hebrew - $1
Proper Biblical Interpretation through the study of the Ancient Hebrew alphabet, language, culture and the Bible.

About the AHRC Logo - $1
The Hebrew word "et" is the most common word in the Hebrew Bible and has a very interesting etymology.

About the Ancient Hebrew Research Center - $1
The history of how Mr. Benner's research into Ancient Hebrew began and grew into the Ancient Hebrew Research Center.

Ancient Hebrew Styles of Writing - $1
The different linguistic devices employed by the writers of the Bible to express poetry and logic.

Changes in the Hebrew Alphabet - $1
While there are 22 letters in the Modern Hebrew alphabet, this was not always the case.

Hebrew Alphabet Chart - $1
A detailed chart showing the different stages of the Hebrew alphabet from ancient to modern times.

History of the Hebrew Alphabet - $1
The Hebrew alphabet has gone through an evolution over the past 4,000 years.

How are the meanings of the Ancient Hebrew letters determined? - $1
Each Hebrew letter was originally written as a picture, a pictograph, such as the peh , which is a picture of a mouth.

Mr. Benner's translation of the Ancient Menorah Rock Inscription - $1
Mr. Benner's translation of an ancient inscription found in Saudi Arabia, near Mount Jabal Al Lawz.

Origins of Writing - $1
The Egyptian, Sumerians, and Semites originally wrote with a pictographic (meaning picture writing) form of writing.

The Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet - $1
The relationship between the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet and the Samaritan alphabet.

~ ~ PDFs related to the Hebrew Vocabulary ~ ~

Textual Evidence of a Hebrew Origin for the New Testament - $1
The text of the Greek New Testament itself provides evidence of an original Hebrew text behind the Greek.

What is the Great Commandment? - $1
Master, which is the great commandment in the law? This question is posed by a Pharisee to Yeshua.

The Rich Man - $1
Yeshua's answer to the question "what must I do to obtain eternal life" is simply answered by "keep the commandments."

The Torah of Righteousness - $1
The Hebrew word "Torah" is usually translated into the English word "Law". Because of this translation there is a great misunderstanding of what "Torah" truly is.

The Two Covenants: Sarah and Hagar - $1
The covenant of law is like the relationship between a master and the servant. God is the master and those in this covenant relationship are servants to him and must obey him.

Understanding Law in Romans and Galatians - $1
One of the most misunderstood words in Shauls writings is the Greek word nomos (law), equivalent to the Hebrew word "Torah".

Yeshua and the Pharisees - $1
An investigation into Yeshua's (Jesus) relationship with the Pharisees.

Yeshua the Son of Man - $1
The phrase "Son of man" appears multiple times in the Old and New Testaments, but what does it mean?

Archaeological Evidence of a Semitic New Testament - $1
Over the past fifty years more and more evidence has surfaced proving that the language of the Jews in Israel during the New Testament period was in fact Hebrew.

~ ~ PDFs related to the Hebrew Language ~ ~

About Hebrew Parallelism called Chiasmus - $1
The Hebrew Bible is filled poetry that is often missed by the average reader, but when understood opens up new understandings in the text.

Declaring God's Name - $1
Is knowing the pronunciation of God's name essential in declaring God's name to all people?

What is the difference between lord, Lord and LORD? - $1
The word "lord" is written three different ways in the Bible and each mean something different.

Hebrew Names of God in the Bible - $1
There are many names and titles, besides Yahweh and Elohiym, applied to God in the Hebrew Bible.

The Hebrew Word for God - $1
Interpreting the Hebrew words behind the English names of God in the Bible.

What kind of relationship did Moses have with Yahweh? - $1
When Deuteronomy 5 is read very carefully, an interesting perspective about the relationship between YHWH and Moses is revealed.

The Image of God - $1
An examination of three passages that reveal the image of God and how our lives reflect on this image.

The Nature of God - $1
The Hebraic perspective of God is a balance within the attributes of God.

The Way of Yahweh - $1
In the Bible, the way to God is described as a journey, a path leading to a destination.

What is God's name in Hebrew? - $1
The background, history and meaning of the name of God that usually written as LORD, Jehovah or Yahweh.

Covenants from a Hebrew Perspective - $1
We will begin this study with the Hebrew word for a "covenant," which is b'riyt. This noun is derived from the verb B.R.H, which means "to select the best."

~ ~ PDFs related to the Hebrew Culture and Philosophy ~ ~

A Short History of the Hebrew Language - $1
The history of the Hebrew language from ancient times, Biblical times, the time of the Babylonian captivity and the Bar Kockba revolt and into modern times with the creation of the State of Israel.

About Hebrew Names in the Bible - $1
Any study in the various names of the Bible should begin with an understanding of how names are formed in Hebrew.

An Alternate Approach to Hebrew Linguistics - $1
When we assume our modern style of linguistics onto an ancient language, we may be ignoring the real meanings of Hebrew words.

Concepts in Time: A Hebrew Perspective of Time - $1
How we view time is not the same way that ancient cultures, especially the Hebrews, viewed time.

The Goat Hair Tent of the Nomads - $1
The Ancient Hebrews lived a nomadic lifestyle very similar to today's bedouins of the Near Eastern deserts.

~ ~ PDFs related to the Hebrew Bible ~ ~

The Los Lunas Inscription - $1
This inscription is very unique for several reasons. Itis written in ancient Hebrew script and it is located near the small town of Los Lunas, NM.

The Ancient Pictographic Alphabet - $1
The original Hebrew alphabet was written with pictures that reveal insights into Hebrew words.

Ancient Hebrew Words: Throw, Torah and Teacher - $1
Examining the Ancient Hebrew Letters and their meanings of the Hebrew words for throw, torah and teacher.

Child and Adopted Roots - $1
Child and adopted roots are formed by adding one letter to a two-letter parent root.

Getting to the Heart and Soul of the Matter - $1
Examining the deeper meanings behind the Hebrew words for "heart" and "love."

Good and Bad - $1
What does the Bible mean when it says that God "formed the light and created darkness, made peace and created evil?"

The meaning of Grace from a Hebrew perspective - $1
Most theologians will define "grace" as "unmerited favor." But we must be careful not to interject a theological bias into the text.

Parent Roots of Hebrew Words - $1
All Hebrew words are derived from a three letter root and these roots are themselves derived from a two letter root.

Pronunciation of Hebrew Words - $1
The following rules will assist the reader with pronouncing the Hebrew words without relying on the vowel pointings.

The Root System of Hebrew Words - $1
Hebrew words, which are derived from parent and child roots, are constructed by adding specific letters to the root.

Wisdom, Knowledge and Understanding - $1
In this study we are going to look at the Hebraic meanings of these three words found in Exodus 31:3.

About Hebrew Nouns and Verbs - $1
A general overview of how Hebrew nouns and verbs are formed and used in the Hebrew Bible.

The Culture of the Hebrew Language - $1
Understanding the Ancient Hebrew culture is very important for proper Biblical interpretation and without it the reader interject his or her own cultural perspectives on the text.

Explaining the Morphology of Hebrew Words - $1
Morphology is the study of how words are formed and is a very important subject in Hebrew linguistics.

Hebrew Words Found in English Words - $1
Hebrew is the origin of many words in the English vocabulary.

Learn the Ancient Pictographic Hebrew Script - $1
Easy lessons to learn how to read the the ancient pictographic Hebrew script, also called Paleo-Hebrew.

The Missing 'Art' in Hebrew Linguistics - $1
Modern Hebrew linguistics has stagnated in growth due to a lack of "art" being interjected into the science.

The Philosophy of the Hebrew Language - $1
An explanation of the differences between the two major branches of Philosophy in the world today.

~ ~ PDFs related to the Mechanical Translation ~ ~

The Hebrew Concept of Order - $1
The Hebrew word dor is used 167 times in the Hebrew Bible and usually translated as "generation."

How to use a Concordance - $1
With a Bible Concordance and Dictionary, such as Strong's, one can easily see the Hebrew words behind the English translations, allowing for a deeper understanding of the text.

The Importance of Proper Biblical Interpretation - $1
Is there a large difference between the Ancient Near Eastern perspective of the Hebrews and our Modern Western perspective?

Importance of studying Hebrew Words - $1
A thorough study of Hebrew words is essential to unlocking the deeper meanings of the Hebrew Bible.

~ ~ PDFs related to God & YHWH ~ ~

The Hebrews' Nomadic Lifestyle - $1
The Bible was written by a people whose culture and lifestyle often revolved around a nomadic lifestyle.

Ancient Hebrew Livestock - $1
A list of livestock animals commonly raised by the Ancient Hebrews for work, food and other goods and supplies.

Ancient Hebrew Thought - $1
The Hebrew (Eastern) and Greek (Western) thought are two opposite forms of philosophy.

The Archives of Ebla and the Bible - $1
The ancient archives of the city of Ebla from the 3rd millennium B.C. were written in a Semitic language very similar to Hebrew.

Biblical Textual Criticism - $1
Textual Criticism is the process of comparing various Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin manuscripts of the Bible.

The Chiastic Structure of Genesis 1:1 to 2:3 - $1
The creation story outlined according to the poetical structure of the passages.

The Dead Sea Scrolls - $1
Looking at a few of the dead sea scrolls and their importance in Biblical history and interpretation.

Dead Sea Scroll Text of Psalm 138 - $1
Psalm 138 from the Dead Sea Scrolls compared to other modern translations.

Extant Manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible - $1
Original autographs of the books of the Bible have been lost to history, but we do have copies, some complete and some partial.

~ ~ PDFs related to Hebrew Studies ~ ~

The Great Isaiah Scroll and the Masoretic Text - $1
Comparing the 2,000 year old Isaiah scroll from the Dead Sea Caves with the 1,000 year old Masoretic Hebrew Bible.

Greek Influence on translations of the Hebrew Bible - $1
It is a provable fact that translations of the Hebrew Bible relied more on the Greek Septuagint than the Hebrew Bible itself.

The Miracle of Parallels in the Hebrew Bible - $1
Hebrew word parallelisms are found throughout the Bible and without them, we would not know the meaning of many Hebrew words found in the Bible.

The Multiple Creation Accounts in Genesis One - $1
Within the creation account of Genesis one are multiple creation stories.

Poetical Translation of Genesis Chapter One - $1
A translation of the creation account, but preserving the poetical nature of the passage that is often lost in a literal translation.

Psalm 22:17: "Like a lion" or "they pierced?" - $1
The Hebrew word ka'aru is found in one verse, Psalm 22:17 (verse 16 in Christian Bibles) and is a much debated verse.

Studies in the Psalms: Psalm 1 - $1
A word for word analysis that will open up these inspirational Psalms to enhance your prayer life, devotions, sermons and bible studies.

Studies in the Psalms: Psalm 23 - $1
A word for word analysis that will open up these inspirational Psalms to enhance your prayer life, devotions, sermons and bible studies.

The Documentary Hypothesis: Who wrote the Torah? - $1
Who wrote the Torah (the first five books of the Bible)? The majority of the Bible students today, within both Christianity and Judaism, will without a doubt, identify Moses as the author. Yet, nowhere within the text of the Torah is the author of the five books of Torah identified.

The Tower of Babel: Fact or Fiction? - $1
When studying the origins of ancient languages, the Biblical account of the Tower of Babel must be considered. When was this Biblical account first written? Was the Tower of Babel fact or fiction?

Ugarit and the Bible - $1
Studying the ancient Ugarit language, which is similar to Hebrew, we can learn a lot about the Ancient Hebrew language.

~ ~ PDFs related to the New Testament ~ ~

Is Strong's Dictionary enough for studying the Hebrew text of the Bible? - $1
While Strong's Dictionary is an excellent resource for studying Hebrew words, it has its limitations.

Redefining Biblical Hebrew Words - $1
Hebrew words must be defined from within their original Hebraic culture and context.

Theological Filters - $1
When reading the Bible it is important that we do not interject our doctrinal bias into how we interpret the text.

Using PaRDeS for Biblical Interpretation - $1
PaRDeS is a Hebrew word meaning "paradise," but is also an acronym for a method of Biblical interpretation.

Why study the Hebrew language and culture? - $1
By studying Hebrew culture and philosophy we can better understand the Bible and interpret it correctly.

The Aaronic Blessing from a Hebrew Perspective - $1
When we interpret the Aaronic Blessing from their cultural perspective the passage comes to life in a way never seen before.

History of the Torah - $1
A history of how the Torah came to us today, including its original oral traditions, ancient inscriptions related to the torah and the various manuscripts and translations of the Torah.

Is a Mechanical Translation Possible? - $1
The Mechanical method of translating the Bible is new and revolutionary and superior to other translations in some aspects.

The Original Language of the Torah - $1
Understanding that the Torah was originally written in Hebrew is important to proper Biblical interpretation.

What is the Mechanical Translation? - $1
A discussion on the unique aspects of this style of translation that will help with better Biblical understanding.

Greek and Aramaic Manuscripts of the New Testament - $1
The different ancient manuscripts of the New Testament in different languages.

Hebrew in First Century Israel - $1
Did Aramaic replace Hebrew as the language of the Jewish people as suggested by most scholars? The evidence suggests it did not.

Hebrew Words in the Greek New Testament - $1
A surprising number of Hebrew words are found transliterated in the Greek New Testament.

Interpreting the events of Act 2 from a Jewish perspective - $1
When Acts 2 is interpreted from a Jewish perspective, the true meaning behind the events described in the first few verses of this chapter are revealed.

Jewish Perception of the Greek Language and Culture - $1
The Apocrophal book the Book of Maccabees and the writings of Josephus provide evidence supporting the fact that Hebrew was the language of Israel at this time.

Let the Dead Bury their Dead - $1
A major mistake that people make when interpreting the Bible is that they have no context.

The misunderstood "Parable of the unjust steward" - $1
In the book of Luke is one of Yeshua's parables that have had many people scratching their head wondering what this parable is trying to teach?

The New Testament and Judaism - $1
The New Testament was written by Jews in a Jewish culture. When the New Testament is read from a jewish perspective, new understandings arise.

A New Heart: Covenant relationship with God - $1
God has made an everlasting covenant with all men that exists throughout all time.

Semitic Origins of the Book of Matthew - $1
Overwhelming evidence proves that the Book of Matthew was first written in Hebrew.