When did the first civilizations develop?

Most all theologians and scientists agree that the first civilizations arose about 5,000 years ago. There are two facts about this theory that seem very odd. First, these ancient civilizations sprang up all over the world, at the same time including the Americas, Egypt, Sumaria, India and China. Second, these cultures, almost overnight, went from a hunter-gatherer culture to a fully formed, fully functional civilization complete with technology, writing, division of labor, economy, etc.

Scientists and theologians alike hold to the 5,000 year old date for the first civilizations and anyone proposing a date challenging this is considered a crackpot. As an example, John Anthony West proposed that the sphinx at Giza is 12,000 years old based on the erosion of the monument. Everyone scoffed at this saying, it is a proven fact that no civilization existed prior to 5,000 years ago that could have created such a monument.

In 1995 a discovery was made at Gobekli Tepe that challenged this accepted theory for the age of civilization. While archaeologists cannot dispute the age of this site, they still cling to the idea that this colossal site was amazingly created by hunter-gatherers and refuse to accept the idea that a civilization existed 7,000 years before they say it did.

If mankind was able to build structures such as Gobekli Tepe 12,000 years ago, then we can conclude that it is possible that many other megalithic and sophisticated structures, such as the Sacsayhuamán Walls in Peru, may also have been constructed at the same time.

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