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Topics Ancient Hebrew Alphabet


By Jeff A. Benner


Pictograph: Floorplan of a Tent
Meanings: Family, House, In
Sound: B, Bh (v)

History & Reconstruction

Several variations were used for the original pictograph including , , and . Each of these pictographs is representative of a house or tent. The pictograph is chosen as it best represents the nomadic tents of the Hebrews. The tent was divided into two sections, men's and women's, with the entrance at the front of the tent in the men's section and an entrance from the men's to the women's section.

The Hebrew word (beyt), the name of this letter, means house or tent as well as family. A common designation for a family is to identify the "house" of the family patriarch such as in "The house of Jacob."

The meanings of this letter are house, tent, and family as well as in, with, inside or within as the family resides within the house or tent.

The Hebrew name for this letter, beyt, is equivalent to the Greek name beta and the Arabic name beyt. This letter is pronounced as a "b" when sounded as a stop, such as in the word beyt, or a "bh" (v) when used as a spirant, as in the word shubh (shoov).

This letter is commonly used as a prefix to words to mean "in" or "with" as in be'erets meaning "in a land."

The Early Semitic letter evolved into in the Middle Semitic script and into in the Late Semitic script. The Modern Hebrew letter ב developed out of the Late Semitic. The Middle Semitic script was adopted by the Greeks to become the letter Β (a reverse direction due to being written from right to left instead of left to right) and the Roman B and b. The Late Semitic became the number 2.

Semitic Script Charts

Ancient Hebrew Alphabet and Language

Related Pages by Jeff A. Benner

TheThe Ancient Pictographic Alphabet (Article)
The original Hebrew alphabet was written with pictures that reveal insights into Hebrew words.

TheThe Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet (Article)
The relationship between the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet and the Samaritan alphabet.

SabbathSabbath in Ancient Hebrew (Video)
Each letter in the Hebrew alphabet was originally a picture with meaning. In this video we will examine the letters in the Hebrew word shabbat.